From 30 November to 12 December 2023, the United Arab Emirates will host the 28th Conference of the Parties (COP28) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This is a key international platform for countering the climate crisis, as well as an important lever of influence on the national policy of countries. All 195 Parties to the Paris Agreement, including Ukraine, are participating in the Conference to synchronize their climate policies and find solutions to limit the increase in average global temperature to 1.5°C from the pre-industrial period.
This position presents a vision of the decisions that must be adopted at the international and national level in Ukraine to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. The recommendations of the report of the Global Stocktake are taken into account, as well as important recommendations within the framework of the previous negotiations.
In addition to the challenges related to the climate crisis, Ukraine also faces an urgent challenge, i.e. russia’s war against Ukraine. The armed aggression, which has been ongoing since 2014, directly affects the climate crisis and, accordingly, the entire world. The climate crisis and war have a direct connection and one root, which is fossil fuels. A significant part of russia’s federal budget is formed precisely at the expense of the export of fossil fuels. That is why climate negotiations, among other things, are also a lever of influence on the actions of the aggressor and an indirect tool for preventing the financing of aggression with the help of fossil fuels in the future. Therefore, the leading message of the delegation should be to promote the phase-out of fossil fuels.
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